Review: Other Minds by Peter Godfrey-Smith

Peter Godfrey-Smith’s “Other Minds: The Octopus, The Sea, and The Deep Origins of Consciousness” is a great read for it’s philosophical discussion on consciousness, and highlighting of cephalopods for their intelligence and behaviors.



Book Description :

Although mammals and birds are widely regarded as the smartest creatures on earth, it has lately become clear that a very distant branch of the tree of life has also sprouted higher intelligence: the cephalopods. The squid, the cuttlefish, and above all the octopus are the closest we will come to meeting an intelligent alien. What can we learn from the encounter?

In Other Minds, Peter Godfrey-Smith, a distinguished philosopher of science and a skilled scuba diver, tells a bold new story of how subjective experience crept into being – how nature became aware of itself. Godfrey-Smith tracks the mind’s fitful development from unruly clumps of seaborne cells to the first nervous systems and on to the cephalopods and their independent acquisition of intellectual gifts. Drawing on the latest scientific research and his own scuba-diving adventures, Godfrey-Smith probes the many mysteries that surround the cephalopods’ lineage. By tracking the question of inner life back to its roots and comparing human beings with our most remarkable animal relatives, Godfrey-Smith casts crucial new light on the octopus mind – and on our own.”

I thoroughly enjoyed reading this book for its examination of how consciousness may have first come to be, and how it relates not just to us but to other species who may have achieved the same awareness. It also goes on to study cephalopod behavior and intelligence, as well as some of their unique tools for camouflage and body language. With the exception a a few squid species such as cuttlefish and other squid, octopuses are not very social. Howvere, Godfrey-Smith and a colleague of his have found a place where for some odd reason, they are always interacting with each other. They dubbed this area ‘Octopolis’, and have recorded footage of some of the behaviors that occur at the site. Mating, fighting, touching, and chasing have been seen. There is only one other area like this mentioned, and strangely, these are the only known sites where octopuses live together and interact this way.

One interaction between human and octopus was discussed that I found interesting myself. It involved a smaller species of octopus reaching out to touch a diver’s offered hand, then trying to lead the diver back to its den. Clearly, this animal knew that it could hardly eat the diver, but I do think it’s possible that it may have wanted to investigate the human more in the privacy of its home.

As most biologists know, intelligence is a heavy energy investment for any organism, and those organisms tend to live longer lives. It is this fact coupled with cephalopods’ short lifespans that flies in the face of this general rule. Cuttlefish, some of the most brilliantly color-changing masters in the animal kingdom, only live for about two years. The giant pacific octopus may live to about 6 if lucky. Generally, these animals breed once or twice in their lives, and then die. It definitely makes me wonder what they could become given enough time if they did have longer lives. Would they reach greater intelligence? What might they do with it?

There is so much more to absorb from this book that I can’t possibly express. As a lover of biology, and as someone who grew up near the ocean, this story of cephalopods is a definite winner in my collection. I recommend it to any lover of strange, and beautiful creatures. Check it out from the library, or buy it!

One more book left to finish on my list: Coyote America by Dan Flores. Stay tuned. 🙂


Review: Anvil Of Stars by Greg Bear

The sequel to Greg Bear’s Forge Of God concludes some of its mysteries, but unfortunately its pacing and suspense hardly matches the former.

Description Reads:

The Forge of God described the destruction of Earth itself by self-replicating robots, Von Neumann machines designed to use the planet’s mass to create more robotic creatures and spread throughout the Galaxy. Only a few humans have survived, aided by a mysterious alien race known only as “The Benefactors”, who arrived at Earth too late.

Now the small group of human survivors is determined to track down the criminal race who launched the planet killers. Humanity is given a starship by The Benefactors, and driven only by revenge they set out to find the unknown beings who are responsible for the destruction of Earth, and many other worlds.



Some Spoilers Ahead:

In this book we follow the son of one of the original characters from the previous novel, Martin, who is leading a group of other young adults on a ship designed by the mysterious machines of the alien benefactors to find the planet killers. Basically, on a mission of vengeance for Earth. The machines are present only to instruct the ‘children’ as they call themselves, on finding information and tracking the planet killing machines, but they don’t interfere otherwise.

The bulk of the novel focuses a great deal on social-political struggles within this group, and the deceit and deaths that arise from it. There are a few notable events between this slogging narrative, such as coming across derelict craft similar to their own, and an exchange of fire that somehow turns their comrades’ fighter ships to antimatter. They end up joining ships with a large worm-like alien race, who are also survivors of the planet killers.

Finally toward the end of the book, the characters stumble upon a seemingly utopian solar system, wherein many races congregate in pleasure and commerce. The crew decide to enter this system under the pretense that they are a new space faring set of races, lacking the technology that would make them seem like a threat. Martin, as blah as his personality is, can’t pinpoint whether this world is truly hiding something, or if they are completely unaware. There are trillions of inhabitants in this system, all who seem to have little knowledge of any planet killer race.

In one of the meetings with the alien hosts down on the utopian world, Martin is questioned by what he calls a ‘staircase god’ that appears to only him. It knows that they are lying about who they are, and admits that its ancestors, the planet killing race, are long dead and forgotten. They only want for peace now, and warn that the many races on the surface of the world are completely innocent and without knowledge of any of the past. Martin is unsure whether to believe this being, but confers with his crew mates and current leader, who is anxious for their job to just be done and over with.  He cannot help but weigh the job set before them, and also the trillions of innocent lives on the surface of the world about to be destroyed.

It isn’t long before the leader makes the decision for him, and starts the attack. Martin and his friends are helpless to watch as the world is destroyed in much the same fashion as Earth was. When the air clears, so to speak, the same planet killing weapons are left floating where the center of that world was. They destroy all they can find, not leaving any to chance. The crew is relieved the job is done, but the weight of guilt still remains.

The book ends with the alien companions separating ships and going their own way, and the humans searching for a new planet to settle on while dealing with the loss and hardships they’ve all suffered.

I liked the parallels of Earth’s survivors becoming killers themselves in the act of destroying the planet killers’s last weapons. Trillions of innocent lives was what it cost to prevent any further destruction from those things. A high cost that those who enacted ‘The Law’ must bare with.

The hardest part of getting through the books was its pacing and the characters’ lack of driving force. I didn’t feel enough emotion from any of them. Martin himself is wishy-washy, and even adversarial characters don’t bring enough kick to make me care about their survival much. I enjoyed the story, but found the interactions between the humans frustrating, and dull. I expected something more eventful. More violence among humans in a tin can wouldn’t have surprised me at all, but it wouldn’t necessarily need to be there. Maybe more clues about the planet killers scattered throughout their journey , or more threatening danger would’ve felt more satisfying.

I’m not sure. Like I said, I enjoyed reading it, but trucking through the middle of it was tough without more driving events or emotion.


More reviews coming soon! Still have two more books in the reading list to finish off.






Review: The Forge Of God by Greg Bear

I just finished reading Greg Bear’s The Forge Of God, and this is my review.


Description :

On September 28th, a geologist working in Death valley finds a mysterious new cinder cone in very well-mapped area.

On October 1st, the government of Australia announces the discovery of an enormous granite mountain. Like the cinder cone, it wasn’t there six months ago….

Something is happening to Planet Earth, and the truth is too terrifying to consider….


Spoilers Ahead.


This book started well enough with a strange first contact scenario involving fake volcanoes, and their odd artificial lifeforms appearing around the world. One tells a story warning of impending disaster, the others act as intergalactic welcoming committee. It’s not long after that the human characters start to realize they are being deliberately deceived. When confronted with the suspicion, the more positive messengers self destruct. Months before, Europa went completely missing, only to be later found in chunks that will eventually impact on Mars and Venus.


Slowly, officials in the government realize they have no power to stop what’s coming, nor to control a panicking populace. The fake cinder cones are destroyed by some countries, but in the end they aren’t the tools of our demise. Their destruction means nothing. Two super-dense objects (one is made of antimatter) are shot down into the Earth’s core, slowly spinning until they meet and annihilate. This is in essence the ticking countdown until it all ends. There is also mention of bombs being planted in deep ocean trenches by the hostile machines.


Throughout the book, we get the perspective of several characters, a family man/ astrophysicist, a biologist, a geologist, a journalist, and more. We spend most of our time with the first, mainly showing his love for his family and for his close friend who has cancer. We see the man go from being consulted by the government and helping to decipher the events that transpire, while struggling to keep his family safe. Eventually coming to the realization that no one is safe, and that there is nothing he can do. We watch the man go from calm and collected to sinking acceptance of what is happening.


You’d think all is completely lost at this point, until silvery spider-like robots show up. They begin possessing people, connecting them to a ‘network’ in order to collect history records, parts of our culture, animals, plants, etc. Some of the POV characters are taken into this network by the spiders, and apparently they are machines sent by another alien race to help us. They state they are too late to save our world, but can save our history, culture, and just two thousand people with their ships. These benefactors also state that they’ve been following this other race of planet-eaters and rescuing other species for a while.


Climatic changes began to take effect around the globe, mainly in the form of wildfires. Relentless earthquakes begin breaking the continents apart, and numerous tsunamis decimate coastlines. There are some incredibly written scenes of the final destruction of Earth in this book, especially those involving some of the characters. Most of them end up perishing in the final moments. The sense of powerlessness against the alien mechanisms that doom the world is a real presence throughout, and each character has to find their on way of coping.


At the last moment, the ark-ships escape from Earth’s oceans, taking the precious cargo that will be the last of humanity and all we’ve known. Through the characters we witness Earth from the ship’s view as its seas boil away, continents rupture, and its surface turn to molten rock before exploding. The passengers are told by the benefactors that this is a crime by their Law, and that someday it must be punished.


After a while, we learn that the remnants of Europa that crashed into Mars and Venus have effectively terraformed the previously desolate worlds while Earth’s survivors hibernated in the ark ships. We see most of the people settle on either Mars or Venus, growing forests and raising animals. We get to see the family man settled in with his wife, adapting to the new life they have. We end with him mentioning that he will never see his son again, because he has left on a Ship Of The Law to hunt down Earth’s killers.

Finally, the son remembers his days on Earth while aboard the ship, thinking of vengeance in the name of not just himself and other families, but for his dog.


I enjoyed reading this one, as I usually enjoy most end of the world stories. Very well written, and the lead up to the end is quite satisfying.

I’m currently reading the sequel, Anvil Of Stars. It doesn’t have the same feel obviously, but I’ll let you know how I like it next post. Stay tuned.



Review : Hyperion By Dan Simmons

Hyperion by Dan Simmons is the beginning of a series set on the world of Hyperion. This particular book is about seven characters on their own journey to seek resolve. However, the resolve they seek comes through the guise of a terrible creature known as the Shrike.



Book Description:

On the world called Hyperion, beyond the reach of galactic law, waits a creature called the Shrike. There are those who worship it. There are those who fear it. And there are those who have vowed to destroy it. In the Valley of the Time Tombs, where huge, brooding structures move backward through time, the Shrike waits for them all.

On the eve of Armageddon, with the entire galaxy at war, seven pilgrims set forth on a final voyage to Hyperion seeking the answers to the unsolved riddles of their lives. Each carries a desperate hope—and a terrible secret. And one may hold the fate of humanity in his hands.

This novel has a structure in which our seven characters all meet on a ship while traveling to Hyperion, and each gets to tell their own personal stories. I enjoyed getting to each character’s story and motivation for being on the Shrike Pilgrimage. Most of the reasons derive from the loss of loved ones, injustices done, and even manic curiosity. This is also to be the last of the Shrike Pilgrimages, as impending war is spurring the evacuation of Hyperion.

In between each story, the group’s arrival on the planet, and subsequent journey to the Shrike Temple are depicted with attention to details that otherwise might be lost in a larger array of viewpoints. Character interactions, and environmental descriptions are flashed out well. The part of the book in which the group travels via the ship-like ‘windwagon’ over the Sea Of Grass was a unique form of travel, but considering the tall grass is sharp enough to cut apart weaponry, quite necessary.

In a few of the stories, the reader does get a glimpse at the Shrike itself, including its ‘killing tree’. Just to note, a Shrike is a bird known to use the thorns of a tree to impale its prey. The creature in the novel is described as a four-armed, red eyed being covered in metallic spines. The book cover gives a more humanoid appearance, but the creature reads more like something more alien in shape. It also has the ability to appear out of nowhere. The Shrike Temple is situated near a place known as the Time Tombs, which are within an anti-entropic field. Everything inside the field is moving backwards in time, strongly suggesting that the Shrike and the tombs are from the future.

I was expecting to see the final moments of the group meeting with the Shrike, but sadly the novel ends before the reader is given this conclusion. We are shown the final story of the last character (which paints him as a serious threat to the entire Hegemony), and an ending with the others deciding not to kill him and instead sympathizing with him. A group hug actually happens, which I wasn’t expecting, especially from some of the harder edged characters. I felt myself feeling for him too, but I wanted the meeting with the Shrike.

In closing, this book serves well as an introduction to characters, their plights, and the oncoming confrontation with a dangerous apparition. A great read for anyone who enjoys a story with many characters, and an intriguing plot that ties together the fates of many.

I’ve taken a quick look at the other books in this series, and I believe they follow different story structure than this first entry. I’m not completely sure if we ever see all these characters again, but the far reaching plot concerning humanity’s fate may still interest fans of this series.

Back again soon with a review of Greg Bear’s “The Forge Of God”.

Review : The Forever War by Joe Haldeman

The Forever War by Joe Haldeman was an amazing read. Written toward the end of the Vietnam era, it is a very human story of a soldier caught up in an interstellar war.


Book Description :

The Earth’s leaders have drawn a line in the interstellar sand—despite the fact that the fierce alien enemy that they would oppose is inscrutable, unconquerable, and very far away. A reluctant conscript drafted into an elite Military unit, Private William Mandella has been propelled through space and time to fight in the distant thousand-year conflict; to perform his duties without rancor and even rise up through military ranks. Pvt. Mandella is willing to do whatever it takes to survive the ordeal and return home. But “home” may be even more terrifying than battle, because, thanks to the time dilation caused by space travel, Mandella is aging months while the Earth he left behind is aging centuries.


This story is one of the human condition, struggling through not just war, but time lost to relativity, and the dramatic changes to a once familiar Earth.

We journey with Private William Mandella as he and his unit suffer the rigors of training exercises on an exoplanet. Some of which cost the lives of several of his teammates. I will say that a few scenes are quite memorable, given the planet’s physics. Also quite detailed are the physical ramifications of space travel, especially considering the speed and maneuvering of the ships. There are special pressure suits and tanks the soldiers enter while traveling long distances, or even during heavier ship combat situations. This is something many science fiction movies have either barely mentioned, or completely ignore. In reality, these considerations are probably not far from reality, lest our passengers be turned to red jelly.

Interpersonal relationships are not neglected in this story, even with so much at stake with the war. Mandella develops friendships, intimate relations, and begrudging admiration for his commanders as time goes on and he climbs ranks. It’s of note to mention that the military ranks in this story are known for near strictly promiscuity, which may be part of a statement on the time in which the book was written; ie: ‘free love’. I’m not sure really, but found it interesting.

Eventually, we get our first alien not in the form of something hostile, but of a somewhat docile herbivore. The soldiers have an unpleasant first encounter when they’re ordered to shoot one. This would be why I said ‘somewhat docile’. The “teddy bears” as the soldiers start calling them, are somehow able to cause a sort of extreme brain hemorrhage to one of the teammates. Apparently, though it’s never explicitly explained, there are clairvoyants in the unit that are able to sense things. Directly after this incident, they sense the creatures aren’t hostile, and that they are only curious. As the soldiers move more toward an enemy alien base, the “teddy bears” continue to follow them.

During their first real encounter with what have been dubbed ‘Taurans’, the unit is suddenly triggered into extreme violence by opperant conditioning with a phrase uttered by one of their commanders. They kill not just their enemies but the friendly herbivores caught in the crossfire. We see this change through Mandella’s eyes as his mind becomes enraged with planted suggestive thoughts, while his rational self knows what’s happening is all wrong but being unable to stop. This is another poignant statement made by the in this book, this time being on what governments are willing to put people through to forward their own gains.

There comes a point when Mandella and his unit are relieved of duty and return to Earth for a brief time. This is when the reality of time dilation sets it. Decades have passed, and not only is his Mother now elderly, but the Earth as a whole has changed for the worse. Most people are unemployed and going hungry, there’s lots of unchecked criminal activity, and money has very little value. The currency has also been changed to represent calories, so that in effect one has to choose between buying things, paying rent, or being able to eat. The government has also began encouraging homosexuality in order to keep the population from growing, as there’s not enough food to go around. Later on, heterosexuality is seen as a disorder by most people.

While on Earth, Mandella meets up with Potter, a woman from his unit to whom he has become close. After his elderly Mother dies from lack of healthcare, he goes to find Potter in a farming plantation where her parents live. They live there in peace for a while, until raiders come through and kill her parents. Having nowhere to go, and knowing no other way to live, Mandella and Potter re-enlist.

Space battles ensue, with the Taurans dealing some devastating blows to the military forces. We get to see that the military has improved upon the original pressure suits, as well as some other tech. Both Mandella and Potter receive amputations courtesy of space warfare; he loses a leg, she an arm. They both end up on Heaven, a beautiful world made for R&R and tourism. We learn many wounded soldiers end up their, some choosing never to leave.

Technological advances are shown in the medical field, as Mandella and Potter are treated and able to regrow their lost limbs. After release from the hospital, they both travel all over the world of Heaven, enjoying every moment they can. Suddenly, they are both separated by new assignments. Knowing that it means they may never see each other again is rough. By the end of either of their assignments, the other could be dead. They both protest this, but are quickly rebuffed by one of the best lines in the book. “The military plans in terms of centuries, not people.”

Mandella survives another four years, soon becoming commander of a ‘strike force’ of born and bred soldiers vaguely resembling Polynesians who dislike him because he is hetero, and doesn’t speak the same dialect. The final confrontation occurs thousands of light years from Earth, wherein they must resort to medieval weapons while fighting inside a stasis field which neutralizes all electromagnetic radiation in anything not covered with a protective coating.

After surviving this battle, Mandella returns to the world of Heaven only to discover that humanity is now a race of clones with a hive mind. Turns out that the Taurans were also a race of clones, and finally were able to communicate with the new brand of humanity. The entire war had started as a colossal misunderstanding.

Mandella receives a hard copy of his record files, his entire military career. It is on top of this file that he reads a note that brings him to tears. Potter has been waiting for him. She has been using a ship to travel back and forth to reduce her own aging. The world she invites him to is one where heterosexuals are free to live as they want, and it’s called Middle Finger. The book closes with a newspaper announcement of the birth of the couple’s baby boy.

An ending I really wasn’t sure would happen, but I’m glad it did. Through the hell of space travel, bodily injury, gruesome combat, and worse, it’s a satisfying ending to a seemingly unending struggle. Definitely suggested reading.

Review: Solaris by Stanislaw Lem

Solaris By Stanislaw Lem

My first knowledge of Solaris came for me in the form of the 2002 Steven Soderbergh film, which I still love to this day. Only years later did I learn that it was based off of the novel written by Stanislav Lem. I could never find the book in my local library, and got caught up reading other books. Until this year, when I finally bought it for myself.


The back flap of the book reads:

When psychologist Kris Kelvin arrives on the planet Solaris to study the ocean that covers its surface, he finds himself confronting a painful memory embodied in the physical likeness of a past lover. Kelvin learns that he is not alone in this, and that other crews examining the planet are plagued with their own repressed and newly real memories. Could it be, as Solaris scientists speculate, that the ocean may be a massive neural center creating these memories, for a reason no one can identify?

Long considered a classic, Solaris asks the question: Can we understand the universe around us without first understanding what lies within?


The start of the novel begins with Kelvin’s launch from another station to travel to Solaris. Unlike the film, the Solaris station is not in orbit, but rather floating several hundred meters above its surface.

The introduction to the other crew members on the station is one of an eerie, too quiet meeting. The third member Gibarian, committed suicide before Kelvin’s arrival. Snow and Sartorius are clearly disturbed, and refuse to explain what’s been happening on the station. They both figure he will see for himself soon enough, and he does.

Kelvin delves into the onbaord library, occupying some of his time reading over the works of the many scientists who have studied Solaris, their theories, observations, etc. He tries to reason with Sartorius who has become agoraphobic in his lab, making little headway and getting no further explanation for why.

Kelvin then catches sight of Gibarian’s ‘visitor’ walking through the corridor of the station and then entering his room. The apparition is described as a tall African woman, mostly naked except for a grass skirt. She also later appears in the cold store lying next to Gibarian’s corpse. Terrified, and concerned he may be ill, Kelvin tests himself with mathematical equations to check if he has gone insane. To his dismay, he hasn’t.

Soon, Kelvin has his own visitor, Rheya, his past lover who committed suicide years before. She acts childlike and has no memory of living on Earth, or her suicide. An odd detail I picked up on was that when she appeared, her dress has no seams, or fasteners to remove it. She has to be cut out of it. Kelvin is horrified by this Rheya, but continues to act as if she were the real one. At least until he tricks her into a small shuttle and sends her away. The screams he hears while it launches away gradually turn to something inhuman. Eventually, he discovers Gibarian’s scribbled notes, and from their discovers certain books describing a pilot’s account that is nothing less than disturbing.

A second Rheya appears soon after, with no memory of what happened to the first. This Rheya eventually becomes more human to Kelvin, and he cannot send her away. We see her come to question her existence, her own half remembered memories, but she is shown to truly love Kelvin. She even attempts suicide, but her strange physiology won’t allow her to die. Whether she is a facsimile, or not, he loves her. As she doubts her own nature while Kelvin intends to keep her, Rheya disappears with little explanation.

The ocean of Solaris itself is an enigma. It is an oily red-black mass who’s movement is compared to muscle contractions rather than currents. It is observed creating large structures known as symmetriads, assymetriads, mimoids, and extensors. These immense intricate creations are thrust from the living sea only to die back into its depths. There is no rhyme or reason known for why it does this, nor how or why it creates the visitors.

Toward the end of the book, Kelvin has a discussion with Snow that struck me. They are talking about the imperfect god concept in how it must relate to the ocean.

Taking a few bits from Kelvin’s dialogue. :

“A god limited in his omniscience and power, fallible, incapable of foreseeing the consequences of his acts, and creating things that lead to horror. He is … a sick god, whose ambitions exceed his his powers and who does not realize it at first. A god who has created clocks, but not the time they measure. He has created systems or mechanisms that served specific ends but have now overstepped and betrayed them. And he has created eternity, which was to have measured his power, and which measures his unending defeat.“

“This god has no existence outside of matter. He would like to free himself from matter, but he cannot…”

Then he states:

“No, not the ocean either. Somewhere in its development it has probably come close to divine state, but turned back into itself too soon. It is more like an anchorite, a hermit of the cosmos, not a god. It repeats itself, Snow, and the being I’m thinking of would never do that. Perhaps he has already been born, in some corner of the galaxy, and soon he will have some childish enthusiasm that will set him putting out one star and lighting another. We will notice him after a while…”

The above statement almost sounds as if it suggest that something grew out of the ocean of Solaris, in essence making the ocean its cradle. There is also the idea that the ocean is child-like entity on the way to becoming a god. Kelvin states jokingly that they’ve all been the baby’s toys for a while.

The end of the novel ends with a unique interaction between Kelvin and the ocean. He leaves the station on a small aircraft and lands on a fleshy mimoid( a hard protrusion the ocean no longer seems to control) and reaches out to the ocean with his hand. It reacts to him and curiously wraps about his hand, even forming a flower-like structure, and then falls away. He is able to repeat this interaction a few times before the ocean loses interest. He seems to feel himself forgiving this strange entity for everything. It is implied that Kelvin stays, even as he knows his reasons may not rational, in the hopes that he will one day see Rheya again.

An incredible read, and several welcome differences from the Soderbergh film. Those changes added more detail to fleshing out what Solaris may actually be, and some of the strange behaviors not seen on film. Though, I think doing those giant structures on film would’ve been amazing to see.

Definitely suggest this as reading material for anyone who loves science fiction. Truly alien stuff in this novel.

Also wanted to post a few pages I found on some amazing Solaris inspired artwork. I don’t want to post any images without permission, but I will supply the links for you to take a look.

Black & white artwork of the ocean structures

A Deviant Art Artist- Amazing work!



Solaris 4





Next review : The Forever War






01/17/2018 – Happy New Year!

A belated Happy New Year to everyone! Here’s to hoping everyone meet their goals for this year!

I’ve been pretty busy growing my small art business in the last few months. This involved setting up shops over on Society6 and RedBubble, as well as marketing sales, etc. Not to mention the commissions in between all that. You can check all that stuff over at

Among the gifts I got this Xmas, were giftcards for certain chain stores, or ones that I have free reign to spend where I like. Books are one of my favorite things to buy, and I can’t do this too often or I go broke. Those costs add up. However, through Barnes & Nobles, you have the option of buying used books for very reasonable prices. As low as $1. It was this method I used to buy some science fiction classics I have yet to read. There are two books relating to the subject of biology, which is also one of my passions.

I’m going to post reviews of each book as I finish them. I’ve already finished Solaris and The Forever War, both great reads. My reviews will be up shortly.

Here are the titles in the queue.


As for my own writing is concerned, I’m currently done with 4 chapters. I’m going to make a deadline for myself this year to finish the damn thing, so I can work on other ideas, and put efforts toward getting published. I’m thinking it may be a good idea to have a few books ready before knocking on the door of publishers, that way you have a few more cards to deal in the transaction. I don’t know, but only time will tell how I feel about that.


In the meantime, stay tuned for book reviews, and maybe some snippets of my work.